Off-Grid Solar and Wind-Generated Power Off-Grid Solar and Wind-Generated Power

Tip #8 style="color: rgb(51, 102, 255);">Automation - Do it before you lose it


Pyroelectric ("Passive") InfraRed Sensors (PIR Sensors), Photo-Sensors, Temp-Sensors, and more

Humans are forgetful, easily distracted, haphazard, and other things too.
When building your power house, consider incorporating photo-sensors, motion-sensors, timed-switches, etc.

Lights Motion Sensor Photo

The "lights", for instance, are the easiest items to automate.
Virtually all of the lighting in this building turn on and off by themselves. If the lights sense no activity for whatever period I pre-determine in the configuration (usually five minutes), they simply "know" to turn themselves off.
Some of the more important lighting requires an extra apparatus that permit the manual control and override of the motion-detection system.


Lights Motion Sensor Photo


Fact:
You are going to get old (hopefully), and forgetful (probably), and therefore some safeguards in addition to switches and sensors should be amply considered.
Fool-proof and maintenance-free is the Goal.




Motion sensing lights
*November 2018 Update
LITHIUM-ION Batteries

Since I have a plethora of old used or "dead" laptop batteries here and always wondered if they ought to be tossed out, now I find that the kids are making "POWER WALLS" comprised of these 18650 battery cells.
Typically, when a laptop battery is dead, it is the result of a solitary cell. The capitalists make the batteries non-serviceable which forces the victimized consumers public to purchase replacement batteries (rather than just allowing us the freedom to safely open the battery and swap out a cell for a fraction of the cost).
However the kids and adults alike on YouTube have made videos showing these impressive power walls and the claims are incredible. I've heard that the Li-Ion Battery banks (power walls) will outlast the well-known deep cycle battery banks by 10 times!
Now I'm not one to jump on any bandwagon because I basically cannot afford the catastophic loss if I should err or if the technology should prove to be unstable and causing fires or other losses.
We are the test population for these types of configurations using Li-Ion Batteries.
I am however interested in something I did not find anywhere on the net which I'll refer as the Hybrid Battery Bank.
For the test I'll need a somewhat distant shed. If my ship should come in I'll be testing Li-Ion in conjunction with the well-established wet-cell battery. My thinking is that since Li-Ion Batteries are so durable allowing for numerous deep-draws of energy, that the Li-Ion batteries will serve as a pseudo-capacitor of sorts. A leveler, or some other advantageous purpose would of course be the goal.
I am very impressed to see the new purveyors in off-grid living all over the world boldly going where no man has been, and by their potential martyrdom we all profit in the furthering of our understanding of energy and the transformation to useful purposes.
My only warning is this:
Please don't underestimate the Li-Ion batteries. Back in 2007 I recall the videos of a newscaster in Canada hosting the "news" and the laptop that rested on the table before him began to smoke and burn. I recall also the news telling us of a plane that went down due to a laptop battery suddenly becoming unstable. I recall watching another video of a Japanese Birthday and a laptop began to smoke and burn and a sudden fireball went completely through a guest's backpack.
Despite the known dangers though, Li-Ion is of recent great interest to me (because I'm surrounded by them (who knew they'd actually become valuable LOL).


The following are some variables and questions that still need ironing out concerning the ages-true-and-tried wet-cell battery though.

style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);"> DC electricity flows from negative charge to positive charge.
style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">(*see: https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=583 )

If this is so, isn't our off-grid switches backwards?
In AC electricity, it is said that the positive wire is the codes-approved wire which is directed to a switch.
However, in a DC configuration I'm wondering why we would copy the AC dictates to our loss.

Since the DC Battery Bank issues negative electrons that don't complete a circuit until they meet up with one or more of the positive, then simply keeping the negative electrons contained closest to the battery bank and switch could save energy that might be better purposed elsewhere. style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">




Motion detection sensing lights


style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">Scenario:
style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">1.) A battery (with positive and negative leads)
style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">A switch that is a few feet away from the battery bank
style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">A load or appliance that is a considerable distance beyond the switch
style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">= Needless waste if we follow the Codes-Approved AC dictates.

style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">

style="text-align: center; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">

style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">As an example, if I stop the energization of the wire at the switch (a few feet away from the battery bank vs 125+ feet closest to the device being purposed), then are we not eliminating not only potential hazards, but also conserving energy by not losing our voltage and current due to having a long line energized at all times if we do the opposite?
style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">Oddly enough, the only analogy that came to mind is, when we pee or poop, it's good that the stuff isn't directly right at the hole, but is stopped style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">further style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">inside somewhere (thereby conserving our energy to make it to the bathroom).
style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">Excess energized wire is loss, also referred to as "wire-loss" OR (I like this one), "Phantom Energy loss/consumption", it's also referred to as "line loss", "heat loss", etc.
style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">



style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);">
style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);"> style="color: #0000ee;">As a final note, if anybody is already doing experiments with a hybrid battery bank using conventional batteries along with the Li-Ion, please contact me, I'd like to be in the loop ";-)

style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153);"> style="color: #0000ee;">email: kennyhendrick@yandex.com



You have concluded Tip #8 of the Off-Grid Battery Bank Tips

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Other Off-Grid Battery-Bank Topics


Testing Cabling


Longevity Isolation


Codes Micro-systems


Gassing Automation


Inversion Segregating


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